AROMATHERAPY ESSENTIAL OILS AND THEIR POWERS

Almost all of the aromatherapy essential oils and their powers are explained here. Aromatherapy is the art and science of healing common ailments using the almost magical curative properties of natural essential oils and massage. The techniques of this therapy, of massaging these aromatherapy essential oils into the body, have successfully been used for generations. Modern science has only recently rediscovered the powerful revitalizing effects of these natural oils on both the body and the mind. This therapy is a wonderful way of experiencing the many benefits of aromatherapy essential oils, but you may wonder what these little magic oils are. They are substances extracted from the roots, stalks, flowers, leaves or fruit of a plant and have numerous and powerful healing properties. Essential oils are also known as aromatherapy oils, so don’t be confused if you are looking for one and can only find the other- they are the same thing.

Antiseptic-

All aromatherapy essential oils are antiseptic and are a useful addition to your first aid kit.


BENZOIN

This is actually a tree resin which is processed to turn it into liquid. You may already be familiar with benzoin in the form of friar’s balsam. This aromatherapy essential oil is also used to make incense.

Helpful for:

Cough, cold and flu-

Try steam inhalation.

Stiff or aching joints-

Mix it with carrier oil. Massage into the problem area or use on a compress.

Nervous exhaustion, Tension-

Mix it with carrier oil. Then use it for massage around the neck and shoulder area.

Sore, dry skin-

Mix this oil with carrier oil like wheat germ oil and apply it to the affected area at regular intervals. You can also add it to your bath.

Itchy skin, dermatitis-

Mix into carrier oil or perfume free cream and apply it to the affected area.


BERGAMOT

This is a member of citrus family. This aromatherapy essential oil is extracted by pressing the peel of the fruit. It is a powerful antiseptic and an appetite stimulant. It must not be used neat on the skin as it causes pigmentation marks. Bergamot essence is used to make Earl Gray tea and gives it its characteristic aroma.

Helpful for:

Cold sores-

Blend into a carrier oil and apply it to the cold sore with a cotton bud every few hours.

Oily, spotty skin-

Blend into a carrier oil (wheat germ oil is good). Massage it into the affected area. You can also steam your face with bergamot mixed with boiling water.

Psoriasis-

Blend into a carrier oil. Evening primrose oil is helpful for psoriasis. Massage this oil mixture into the affected area or add to the bath water.

Cystitis-

Add this oil to the bath water and soak in it for 15 minutes.


CHAMOMILE

The chamomile family is large and there are several different chamomile essential oils. German chamomile is the most expensive, but all chamomile oils are helpful for sensitive conditions and can be used safely for children. Chamomile tea is widely available and the plant feverfew- belonging to this family – is now being used to help migraine sufferers.

Helpful for:

Conjunctivitis, sore eyes-

Add 2 drops of this oil to 2 tsp (10 ml) of cooled, boiled water. Soak cotton pads in the solution and place on the eyes, or use in an eye bath to wash the eyes.

Aches and pains-

Blend with carrier oil and massage into the affected area or add to the bath water.

Hyperactivity-

Particularly it is used for hyperactivity in children. Add a few drops of oil into the bath water or use in a vaporizer.

Boils-

Apply a small cotton compress which has been soaked in this oil and hot water. Leave it on until it cools.

Dermatitis, eczema-

Blend with carrier oil and massage into the affected area. Or blend with a perfume free cream and apply regularly.

Minor skin infections-

Apply on a cotton compress.

Insomnia-

Try a chamomile aromatherapy bath before the bedtime. Use this oil in a vaporizer or sprinkle a few drops on your pillow. You can drink chamomile tea before going to bed.


CLARY SAGE

This aromatherapy essential oil is produced from the flowers and leaves of the plant. It is mainly grown in Russia and the oil varies greatly according to the conditions in which it is grown. Clary sage is very soothing and used as a aftershave. It is also used to make eau-de-Cologne.

Helpful for:

Irregular painful periods-

Mix this oil with carrier oil. Massage it on the lower back and lower abdomen for several days prior to, and during, your menstrual period.

Depression-

Add to your bath or use in a burner or vaporizer.

Inflamed skin-

This oil is particularly good for shaving rashes and inflamed skin.

Sore throat-

Mix it with carrier oil. Inhale. Or rub this on the chest and throat three to four times a day.


EUCALYPTUS

This aromatherapy essential oil is extracted from the leaves by steam distillation. It has a specific smell. You can recognize it as it is often used in the commercial inhalants and rubs for colds and chest complaints.

Helpful for:

Cold,sinus problem, sore throat-

Use in steam inhalation or in an oil burner or vaporizer. It helps keep viruses at bay from other in the home.

Muscular aches and pain-

Add this oil in bath water or mix it in carrier oil to massage the affected area. It is very helpful after sport or any strenuous exercise.

Flu-

Mix into a carrier oil and massage well into the chest, shoulders and rib cage.


FENNEL

There are two types of fennel, sweet and bitter. Aromatherapy essential oil is extracted from the seeds, roots and leaves by steam distillation. Florence fennel is a popular vegetable often eaten with fish. It has a slightly aniseed flavor and looks rather like a very thick celery. Fennel essential oil has the same aniseed scent as the root.

Helpful for:

Flatulence -

It is used to make gripe water.

Fluid retention-

Add to the bath water.

Nausea and vomiting-

Add this oil into the carrier oil and massage into the stomach.

Hiccups-

Inhale neat from the bottle, or in steam.


GERANIUM

There are many varieties of geranium. Aromatherapy essential oil is usually extracted from the Pelargonium family, but wild geranium- known as Herb Robert- is also used. The oil is distilled from the all parts of the plant. Geranium oil is a good balancer. It can uplift or have a relaxing effect and is particularly good for menopausal problems.

Helpful for:

Sore throat-

Add two drops in a glass of water and use as a gargle.

Dry Eczema and Dermatitis-

Mix into a carrier oil. If the problem is severe on the hands, massage the oil on the affected area and put on cotton cloves for overnight.

Menopausal bleeding-

Mix into a carrier oil and massage into the lower abdomen and back. Or use a compress soaked in warm water with the geranium oil added.

Sluggish skin-

Mix three to four drops into the carrier oil and use it to massage the face and neck.

Nervous tension and anxiety-

Use in an aromatherapy bath, or mix into a carrier oil and massage into neck and shoulders.


HYSSOP

Hyssop is an ancient herb which was cultivated for its medicinal as well as mood enhancing properties. The aromatherapy essential oil is extracted from the leaves and flowers by distillation. It is beneficial for all respiratory problems and can help relieve hay fever.

Helpful for:

Hay fever-

Use on a handkerchief or in a vaporizer, or blend and use for facial massage.

Rheumatism-

Use in the bath or as a massage for the affected area.

Bruises-

Use as a compress or gently rub over the bruised area.

Eczema-

Use in a carrier oil at regular intervals.


JUNIPER

The juniper bush is found in Canada and Europe. The berries are well known as the flavoring for gin. To make the aromatherapy essential oil berries are first dried and then distilled. Juniper oil has been used for hundreds of years as a household disinfectant.

Helpful for:

Cystitis-

Blend into a carrier oil and rub the lower abdomen at regular intervals. Also add 5-6 drops to your bath water and soak for at least 15 minutes.

Period pain (Menstrual pain)-

Use as above.

Muscular or Rheumatic pain-

Use for massage or in the bath.

Stress and Anxiety-

Use for massage, or in the bath, or in the vaporizer.

Acne-

Mix 4 drops with 2 tsp (10 ml) of carrier oil and gently massages the face and neck. If acne is present on the back and shoulders then you can massage the oil over that affected area. Poor circulation-

Juniper is stimulating oil. Use in the bath, or in carrier oil, daily to improve circulation.


JASMINE

The aromatherapy essential oil is extracted from the flowers of the jasmine bush. The oil has a beautiful, exotic aroma and is really helpful in the cases of extreme nervous anxiety and stress. It is one of the most expensive oils and is often used in the manufacture of the perfume.

Helpful for:

Nervous exhaustion-

Use in a carrier oil for massage or inhale.

Period pain-

Use in a carrier oil and massage the lower abdomen and back at regular intervals.

Dry, sensitive, mature skin-

Use in a carrier oil for massage or add a couple of drops to rosewater and use as a freshener.


LAVENDER

This is a great aromatherapy essential oil all-rounder. The essential oil is obtained by distillation. Lavender oils blend well with other essential oils and can boost their properties. It is the most versatile oil for aromatherapy, so if in doubt, choose lavender.

Helpful for:

Acne and spotty skin-

Blend in carrier oil for massage, or add a few drops of distilled water to make a freshener.

Insect bites, stings-

Dab few drops of neat oil on the affected area.

Boils-

Use neat oil on a small compress.

Burns-

Use neat oil on a compress, being careful not to break the skin.

Sunburn-

Mix a few drops into your after sun lotion or a carrier oil.

Headache or Migraine-

Inhale, or blend into a carrier oil and massage the face and scalp. Pay particular attention to the temples and forehead.

Sore throat-

Use in a carrier oil to massage the chest and throat. You can inhale the neat oil.

Muscular aches and pains-

Use to massage the affected area in carrier oil, or add to bath.

Irritability, Tension and Depression-

Use for massage, especially the shoulders and neck. Add to the bath water or inhale.

Colds and Flu-

Inhale, add to the bath, use in a vaporizer or use in carrier oil to massage the head, neck and shoulders.

Indigestion, Nausea-

Blend in carrier oil and gently massage the stomach, or inhale.

Period pain-

Blend in carrier oil and massage into the lower abdomen and back. Also use in the bath.

Insect Repellent-

Mix in carrier oil and use on exposed area as necessary. Use in a burner to keep insects at bay at night.


LEMON

It takes 3,000 lemons to produce 2 pounds (1 kilogram) of this aromatherapy essential oil. It is extracted by pressing the rind of the fruit. Hand pressed oil is of the better quality than mechanically pressed oil. Hand pressing is a family affair. The women and children cut the lemons and scrape out the fresh, and then men do the pressing to extract the juice.

Helpful for:

Chilblains-

Mix into carrier oil and gently rub the affected areas three to four times a day. Or use in a foot bath, soaking the feet for fifteen minutes.

Cold sores-

Dab with a cotton bud which has been soaked in 2 tsp (10 ml) of boiled water to which 5 drops of oil have been added.

Bites and stings-

Dab neat oil on to the bite or sting.

Mouth ulcers-

Dab on the neat oil, or make a gargle adding 5 drops to medium size glass of water.

Verrucae or warts-

Dab with a cotton bud soaked in neat essential oil several times a day.

Catarrh or colds-

Mix in carrier oil and massage the face and head, or inhale.


MARJORAM

You may have come across this herb already- it is a popular aromatic flavoring. This aromatherapy essential oil is extracted from the plant by distillation. It has a powerful head-clearing aroma, and an uplifting effect on the spirit. Marjoram blends very well with lemon essential oil.

Helpful for:

Anxiety and Depression-

Inhale, use in a bath or in a vaporizer.

Insomnia-

Use in the bath or inhale.

Constipation-

Blend into carrier oil and massage into the abdomen to relieve the spasm in the intestines.

Muscular aches and pains-

Use in carrier oil to massage the affected parts, or add to the bath.

Headache, cold-

Inhale the oil or use this oil to massage the head and neck.


MYRRH

This aromatherapy essential oil is produced from the resin of the myrrh tree. It has been used since ancient Egyptian times for its rejuvenating qualities and is one of the oils used for embalming.

Helpful for:

Mouth ulcers, Inflamed and sore gum-

Add 5 drops to medium sized glass of warm water and use as a gargle several times a day.

Cuts and grazes-

Add 5 drops of this oil into the 2 tsp (10 ml) of cooled, boiled water. Bathe the area in this solution.

Cough-

Blend into the carrier oil and massage the chest and throat, or inhale.


NIAOULI

This aromatherapy essential oil is produced by steam distillation from the leaves of Niaouli tree, which is native to New Caledonia. It is an excellent antiseptic.

Helpful for:

Acne and skin problems-

Blend in carrier oil for massage, or add six drops to half pint (300 ml ) of boiled water and use as a skin tonic.

Grazes-

Dilute 6 drops in half pint (300 ml) of boiled water- very good for removing dirt from wounds.

Bronchitis, chest pain, cough-

Inhale, or mix with carrier oil and massage the chest.

Catarrh-

Inhale.


ORANGE BLOSSOM

This aromatherapy essential oil is often called NEROLI. It is obtained from the fresh orange flowers by steam distillation. If you have ever been lucky enough to see an orange blossom tree in bloom you will already know what delight a scent it has. The tree originated in China, but now it is also found all over the world. This oil is one of the most expensive, along with rose and jasmine.

Helpful for:

Sensitive skin-

Blend in carrier oil and use to massage the affected area. Or, add a few drops to a bottle of orange flower water and use as a skin tonic.

Diarrhea-

Blend in carrier oil and massage gently into the abdomen to relieve spasms.

Shock, Fear-

Inhale the neat oil.

Depression-

Neroli is cheering oil which enhances the mood of a person. Try inhaling, or add a few drops to your bath water.


PETIGRAIN

Made from the leaves of the orange blossom tree, this aromatherapy essential oil has similar properties to neroli and a pleasant, light scent. It is cheaper to produce than neroli, and often used in its place for economic reasons.

Helpful for:

Memory-

Inhale the oil.

Stress-

Use in carrier oil for massage, or in the bath.

Spotty or Irritated skin-

Mix with carrier oil and use on the affected area.

Fluid retention-

Add to the bath, or mix with carrier oil for massage.


PEPPERMINT

The aromatherapy essential oil is obtained from the leaves and flowers by the steam distillation and varies in quality depending on the climatic and soil conditions. It is very therapeutic oil which has a cooling effect on the skin and lessens pain. You will notice most commercial indigestion cures are mint-flavored. Peppermint is excellent for digestive problems. It also makes a great foot bath for hot, aching feet.

Note- It is not advisable to use this oil during the pregnancy.

Helpful for:

Migraine-

Use it in neat form on the temples.

Heartburn and Indigestion-

Mix into carrier oil and massage the stomach and rib cage.

Hot, aching feet-

Add 10 drops of this oil to a large bowl of lukewarm water. Soak feet for at least for 15 minutes.

Travel sickness-

Inhale, or blend in carrier oil and massage the stomach and temples.

Sinus, Catarrh-

Inhale the oil or use to massage the face.

Bad breath-

Add 5 drops to half pint (300 ml) of water and use as a mouthwash.


ROSEMARY

A well known herb, rosemary is cultivated in France, Spain, etc. The aromatherapy essential oils are distilled from the flowers and leaves. It is known as the herb for remembrance and clears the mind and stimulates the memory. It is an excellent hair tonic, improving circulation to the scalp, and is helpful for dandruff.

Helpful for:

Fainting-

Inhale neat, like smelling salts.

Mental fatigue, poor memory-

Inhale neat.

Dandruff, Hair in poor condition-

Use in carrier oil for scalp massage. Leave for 30 minutes before shampooing.

Circulation-

Use in the bath or in carrier oil. Rosemary has a warming and comforting effect.

Stomach pain, Wind-

Mix in carrier oil and gently massage the affected area.


ROSE

As I have already mentioned, this is one of the most expensive aromatherapy essential oils and is most used for its beautiful fragrance. It is an excellent anti-depressant, and very calming on the nervous system. I have yet to come across anyone who dislikes the aroma and effect of rose oil. Because of its cost, I wouldn’t recommend the use of this oil in the bath. There are other oils you can substitute for it.

Helpful for:

Depression-

Inhale. Or use in carrier oil to massage the chest, neck and the face.

Irregular periods-

Mix in carrier oil and use it to massage the lower abdomen and back daily.

Very dehydrated, mature skin-

Blend with sweet almond oil and massage the face and neck. Or add few drops to your night cream. Use rosewater as a skin freshener.

Insomnia-

Put a few drops on your pillow, or dab a little under your nose before retiring.

Note- this oil can safely be used for children.


SANDALWOOD

This aromatherapy essential oil is distilled from the sandalwood tree, and the best comes from the India. The wood is carved and used as a decoration in temples because of its lovely fragrance. It takes years for the trees to mature and they are not cut down until they show signs of dying. Sandalwood is a parasitic tree. It buries its roots in the roots of other trees. Sandalwood is often an ingredient of incense.

Helpful for:

Nausea, vomiting-

Mix in carrier oil and gently massage the stomach, or inhale.

Stress, Tension-

Inhale, use in a bath water or in a burner. It can aid sleep.

Dry cough-

Inhale, mix in carrier oil and massage into the chest and throat.

Itchy, dry skin-

Add to your bath.

Mix in carrier oil to massage into the affected areas of skin. (Avocado and Wheat germ oils are very nourishing).


SAGE

I am sure you have already come across this herb as it is often used in stuffing and savory dishes. The aromatherapy essential oil is made from the sun dried leaves by distillation. Sage is to be found in the North Mediterranean, where it grows wild, but it is also grown as a garden herb all over the world. The essential oil is toxic in high doses, so use with care.

Helpful for:

Aching joints, Rheumatism-

Add to your bath, or use in carrier oil to massage the affected areas.

Nervous exhaustion-

It is a very good tonic. Add to your bath and soak for at least 15 minutes.

Fluid retention-

Add to your bath, or use in carrier oil.

Excess perspiration-

Dilute 5 drops in a glass of water. Soak cotton wool in the solution and use it under the arms and on the feet several times a day.

Sore, bleeding gum-

Dilute 5 drops in a glass of water and use as a mouthwash.


TEA TREE

The tea tree is native to Australia. The oil is distilled from the leaves. This aromatherapy essential oil is an excellent anti septic, 12- 15 times more potent than carbolic. When applied in the neat form to a cut, its antiseptic potency doubles!

Keep this in your first aid box.

Helpful for:

Athlete’s foot-

Add 6 drops to a large bowl of warm water and soak feet for 15 minutes. Repeat daily.

Boils, spots-

Apply neat to the boil or spot using a cotton bud.

Thrush-

Add 6 drops to your bath. Also, blend in carrier oil and massage the abdomen regularly.

Cuts-

Bath the cut with neat oil.

Sore throat-

Dilute five drops in a glass of water and gargle three times a day.


THYME

This plant has been grown for its therapeutic qualities for centuries. The aromatherapy essential oil is obtained from the flowering tops by steam distillation. Thyme oil stimulates white blood cell production, having an almost antibiotic effect on infections.

Helpful for:

Colds and Flu-

Inhale or blend with carrier oil and use it to massage the chest, neck and head. This oil help protect others in the family from the virus. Use in a vaporizer or burner.

Sore throat, Tonsillitis-

Use in a gargle, two drops in a glass of water, or mix in carrier oil and apply to the chest and throat.

Muscle fatigue-

Add six drops to your bath.

Arthritis-

Add to your bath, or use in carrier oil to rub the affected area, or use in a hot compress.

Whooping cough-

Inhale, or mix into carrier oil and rub the chest regularly.


VETIVER

Vetiver is a grass which grows in Indonesia and Philippines. This aromatherapy essential oil is obtained from the root by distillation. It is popular in the perfume industry and has a long lasting woody fragrance, often popular with men. In the east it is known as the oil of tranquility and is often used for meditation.

Helpful for:

Stress-

Use in a burner or in the bath.

Tired, aching legs-

Use in carrier oil for massage.

Hysteria-

Blend in carrier oil and massage the solar plexus or inhale.

Stiff neck-

Use in carrier oil and massage the shoulders and neck.


VERBENA

This aromatherapy essential oil is probably better known as lemon grass. It is a fragrant grass which grows in India, and the oil is obtained by distillation. Lemon grass is used extensively in India and Asian cookery and has a light, lemony scent.

Helpful for:

Acne, Spotty skin-

Use in carrier oil (wheat germ is good for its healing properties) to massage, or dilute five drops in water and use to wipe the skin after cleansing.

Poor muscle tone-

Use in carrier oil for massage or in the bath. It improves the elasticity.

Shock-

Inhale.

Irritability, Tension-

Add to your bath, inhale, or use in carrier oil to massage shoulders and neck.

Digestive problems e.g. Colitis-

Use in carrier oil to massage the abdomen at regular intervals.


YLANG-YLANG

This tree is native to the Philippines and the other parts of the Far East countries. This aromatherapy essential oil is obtained from the flowers by steam distillation. This is the oil used by the most perfume industry as it has a lovely exotic, floral fragrance. It has a relaxing, sedative effect and is a pleasant oil to use in a burner to scent your home. This oil is well known for its aphrodisiac powers.

Helpful for:

Depression and Nervous tension-

Use in a burner, the bath or for massage.

Insomnia-

Put a few drops on your pillow, use in the bath or a burner.

Panic, Fear-

Inhale neat oil.

High blood pressure-

This oil is calming and can help to reduce high blood pressure. Use regularly in carrier oil for massage or in the bath.

Spotty skin-

Use in carrier oil or dilute in water and use as skin tonic.



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