Banana-medicinal uses of this fruit are well known. It help combat various types of ailments like- peptic ulcer, intestinal ulcer, acidity, constipation, diabetes, hypertension, cardiac diseases.
The ripe fruit is a rich source of carbohydrates and a fair source of minerals and vitamins, particularly B-complex. The main principal sugars present in ripe fruit are sucrose, glucose, fructose and maltose.
Fruit, Flowers, Stem, Root and leaves.
Aromatic, cooling, anti-ulcer, diuretic, stimulant, anti-dysentric, hypoglycemic, anti-helminthic.
1. Banana contains two physiologically important compounds:
in addition to dopamine,
3, 4- dihydroxy phenyl alanine
and an unidentified compound catecholamine.
The concentration of some of the compounds in the pulp and peel of the ripe fruit found to be as follows:
Serotonin 8- 50 mg per gram;
Nor-epinephrine 1.9 mg per gm;
Dopamine 7.9 micron per gm.
Serotonin 47- 93 microgram per gm;
Nor-epinephrine 122 microgram per gm;
Dopamine 700 microgram per gm.
Serotonin inhibits gastric secretion and stimulates smooth muscle in the intestine and elsewhere.
Nor-epinephrine is a mediator of autonomic function and is widely used as a vaso-constrictor agent.
Serotonin is apparently well tolerated when administered orally to human beings; doses up to 20 mg of serotonin cause no adverse effect.
The therapeutic uses of banana (in colon disease, constipation, peptic ulcer , etc.) may be due to the presence of these active principles.
2. Banana fruit has mild laxative properties that help to ease constipation.
3. The fruit aids in combating diarrhea and dysentery and promotes the healing of intestinal lesions in ulcerative colitis.
4. Banana powder is effective in the treatment of colon disease, sprue and other forms of carbohydrate intolerance in children; it is also used for certain intestinal disorders in adults.
5. It forms a useful constituent of the diet of infants; syrup prepared of the ripe fruit may be incorporated with milk and used for infant feeding.
6. The ripe fruit is reported to be useful in diabetes, uremia, nephritis, gout, hypertension and cardiac diseases.
7. Unripe fruit and cooked flowers are useful in diabetes.
8. Vegetable prepared from unripe banana helps in healing the intestinal ulcer.
9. The juice of flowers is used for dysentery; stem and roots are used for disorders of the blood.
10. Ripe fruit is useful in acidity. Heartburn resulting from tea consumption may be neutralized by taking two ripe fruits just before taking tea.
11. The banana plant juice is astringent; it quenches thirst in cholera ; it is also given in nervous disorders like hysteria, epilepsy etc.
12. Ripe fruit is aphrodisiac, demulcent and aperients.
13. The fruit is eaten to relieve soreness of the throat and chest accompanied with dry cough; it is also given in irritability of the bladder; the ripe fruit is a laxative.
14. The ash of the banana skin is used for dressing wounds.
15. An ounce of the ripe fruit mixed with a little tamarind and salt is a household remedy for diarrhea and dysentery.
16. Fruit is said to promote regeneration of red blood cells and to stimulate hemoglobin production.
17. It is a useful constituent of various nourishing foods for infants.
BANANA NUTRITIONAL VALUE
Fruits and Vegetables
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