POTATO NUTRITIONAL FACTS



Potato nutritional facts have been discussed here. Potato is rich in nutrients containing high amount of vitamins, minerals and micro nutrients. You can get several benefits from this root vegetable for all ages of people.

BOTANICAL NAME – Solanum tuberosum

FAMILY NAME – Solanaceae


DESCRIPTION –

This plant grows underground and has swollen stem tubers. It is the most popular and all time useful vegetable in the world. It is firm, elongated or oval in shape. It is reddish, violet or gray in color. It has a sweet, floury flesh. A good variety should have no smell, cracks or blemishes.

DISTRIBUTION –

Originally, it is native of South America and it was grown by the Incas and the Mayans. Later on it is introduced in Europe.

SEASON –

From January to December

PARTS USED –

Stem, Leaves

PROPERTIES –

• Anti-spasmodic

• Anti-phlogistic

• Antacid

FORMS OF USE –

Decoction, fluid extract, ointment

At one time it was considered poisonous but later on accepted as food item. It is used as a substitute for wheat when there is food scarcity.

PREPARATION TIPS AND USAGE –

The potato should be brushed, cleaned and peeled thickly. It is also eaten cooked, as a vegetable, garnish or basis for dessert including scones, cakes or pies. It can be baked, pureed, cooked in its skin or in cream croquettes, in souffles, or gratins. It is often prepared like the potato and can be substituted for the pumpkin.

STORAGE –

The potato should be kept washed and stored in a cool dark place with good ventilation.




POTATO NUTRITIONAL VALUE –

Potato nutritional facts show that vitamins, minerals, electrolytes and phyto nutrients along with others are some of the general components.

You can get 50 percent of the recommended daily dosage of vitamin B6 and vitamin C for adults in just 7 ounces of baked potato with the skin intact. There is also plenty of potassium and nearly 5 grams of fiber. You get all these for zero grams of fat and only 220 calories.

Starch is the main compound present in this vegetable. It has protein which carries high biological value.

Their analysis gives the following composition per 100 gm of edible raw part:

• Moisture – 75%

• Carbohydrates – 15.90 g

• Protein – 1.89 g

• Total Fat – 0.10 g

• Cholesterol – 0 g

• Dietary Fiber – 2.5 g

• Energy – 97 Kcal

VITAMINS –

• Folates – 18mcg

• Niacin – 1.149 mg

• Pantothenic acid – 0.279 mg

• Pyridoxine – 0.239 mg

• Riboflavin – 0.038 mg

• Thiamine – 0.081 mg

• Vitamin C – 11.4 mg

• Vitamin A – 7 I.U.

• Vitamin K – 2.9 micro gm

ELECTROLYTES –

• Sodium – 6 mg

• Potassium – 455 mg

MINERALS –

• Calcium – 10 mg

• Iron – 0.73 mg

• Magnesium – 22mg

• Manganese – 0.141mg

• Phosphorus – 61 mg

• Zinc – 0.33 mg

PHYTO NUTRIENTS –

• Carotene, beta – 4 mcg

• Carotene alpha – 0 mcg

• Lutein-zeaxanthin – 21 mcg




Potato nutritional facts explained here will be of use to determine its nutritional value in the family of vegetables.



Read about Benefits of Potato in next article....

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