Human Cloning involves having multiple, exactly similar genetic copies of the original organism. It involves creation of an embryo by extracting DNA from specialized non-sexual cells, and subsequent implantation into an egg whose DNA nucleus has been removed.
Proponents of cloning suggest that it might serve as an efficacious treatment for infertility, enabling people to pass their genes to future generations. Early human experiments, however, are likely to result in a number of clinical failures and lead to miscarriage, necessitating hundreds of abortions, or births of massively deformed offspring. A number of such defects may not manifest themselves till a clone is mature, leading to its death.
There are ethical concerns about the first clone and issues that will arise – should cloning succeed in producing a healthy child. A cloned embryo does not qualify to be the same as a conceived embryo as it logically does not have a set of parents and parent actually is genetically its mono zygotic twin . There are concerns about how such clones will relate to other kind of families and accept their social and parental responsibilities.
Legal experts argue that cloning may violate, for example, a child’s right to an open future. A child born as a genetic copy of another may feel undue pressure to become like or different from its progenitor. But this possibility exists even for children born to normal parents.
Any ethical question needs to be divided into 4 principles:
• Respect for Autonomy
Are we trying to play GOD by “making” babies rather than “having them”?
Will the society accept procedure failures’ deformed offsprings?
Who is socially responsible for them?
Will they have rights and legal protection?
Are we justified in interfering with nature?
These are some of the questions regarding human cloning that need to be answered.
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