Role of Stress in Hormone Imbalance


What's the Role of Stress in Hormone Imbalance?


Definition of Stress -

Stress is defined as any situation which disturbs the equilibrium between a living organism and it’s environment. 

In this modern era we are exposed to various stressful conditions. There are many stressful situations in every day life like stress of work, examinations, psychological stress, physical stress because of trauma, various medical disorders and surgery. 


Stress causes changes in the level of various hormones. Stress increases secretion of few hormones like glucocorticoids, catecholamines, growth hormone and prolactin. These hormone changes are necessary for the fight or flight reaction to protect oneself promoting survival. 


When patients come to me, many a times the root cause of the hormonal imbalance is too much of cortisol which is a stress hormone. 


Cortisol affects every other hormone in our body including #sex hormones and thyroid.  


Chronic stress is very powerful. It can wreck havoc on your mind and body. Sometimes it can be the only source of hormonal imbalance. Once your body gets into the state of chronic stress, it starts using progesterone and converts it into stress hormone cortisol. 


Cortisol increases sugar in the bloodstream. It also alters immune system responses. It suppresses the digestive system, the reproductive system and growth processes. 


Body’s stress response is self limiting. When the threat is gone, hormone levels return to normal. How you react to stress in life depends majorly on genetics and life experiences. 


When the stressors are always present, then it activates stress response system for the long term. Overexposure to cortisol and other stress hormones disrupt almost all body processes. 


Manage stress in life to lead a longer, healthier life with peace of mind.